Federal law simply defines “county” as the territory owned by or subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States of America.  The States of the second Union, the United States, use the “county” to create a judicial system around an elected “District Attorney” and county court judges who will preside in the “criminal cases” […]

If you believe Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes, you will never understand the Constitution of September 17, 1787.  The Chief Justice said, “We are under a Constitution, but the Constitution is what the judges say it is, and the judiciary is the safeguard of our liberty and of our property under the Constitution.” The Chief […]

The Constitution of September 17, 1787 is not what it seems.  It is true that the first article appears to create a legislature, the second article appears to create in executive and the third article appears to create a judiciary. However, those three purported branches of government apply only to the territory owned by the […]

Traffic court is part of a much larger for profit dispute resolution organization called the “United States judicial system” headed by a person called the Chief Justice of the United States.  John Roberts is the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, which is the highest court of appeal in the United States.   […]

What is the jurisdiction of   the Constitution of the United States?  Jurisdiction is power and to determine the power of the Constitution over any case we must examine that document beginning with the first three articles, where it is claimed the three government powers are to be found. Article I of “this Constitution:”  “All legislative […]

  I got this e-mail from a Student.  My response appears below his e-mail:  “These questions may be too simple.  However, what meaning does the term BAR have in relation to an attorney or a lawyer?  What does it mean when someone says they have their BAR card?  There seems to be much confusion out […]

Article I Section 1 of the Constitution of September 17, 1787 creates a new Congress:  “All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.”   The “legislative Powers” which can be granted by the first nine States to ratify the […]

The Supreme Court which has been meeting on the first Monday in October is not the “one supreme Court” of Article III of the Constitution of September 17, 1787.  The Supreme Court that meets today was not ordained and established by “the Congress,” using the judicial power of the United States of America in Article […]

The magic words:  “do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America,” explain how the democracy, called the United States, began and why the Supreme Court of the United States decides cases the way it does. The people of the United States of America, unlike “the People of the United States,” are […]

Two hundred and twenty-two years ago, today the Judiciary Act of 1789, was signed by George Washington, as President of the United States to show he approved it in accordance with Article I Section 7 Clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States.   The Constitution of the United States imposes only two duties on […]

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