According to the Twentieth Amendment,”the terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January.”  The Constitution of September 17, 1787 at Article II Section 1 Clause 1 specifies a term of four years which commences when the Presidential Electoral Certificates of Votes are counted in Congress. Congress […]

Every time a politician claims he or she swore an oath to uphold the Constitution of the United States, he or she divulges his or her ignorance of the document believed to be the Constitution of September 17, 1787, which was established for the States on June 21, 1788. These are the facts: Article VII […]

My course of  instruction in the law and government, the Basic Course in Law and Government, shows the Student how to use the Organic Laws of  the United States of America, the Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776, the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777, the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787 and […]

The document, which is the fourth Organic Law of  the United States of America, is dated September 17,1787, the same date it was signed by 39 of the 55 delegates who attended the  May 25, 1787 Constitutional Convention.  Ironically, the signature of George Washington, as President of the Constitutional Convention and deputy from Virginia, is […]

Today, November 17, 2012, Harris Faulkner, news anchor of “Fox Report Weekend,” reported in the “this day in history” segment that the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777 were sent out to the thirteen States for ratification on this day and the Articles of Confederation were later duly ratified.  Faulkner erroneously reported that the […]

The issue of whether or not a State could secede from the first Union, the Confederacy, the United States of America, or the second Union of dependent federal States, was purportedly decided by the War Between the States, however, as that war was prosecuted using the power and authority of the unadopted Constitution of September […]

The Articles of Confederation and not the Constitution of September 17, 1787 is the foundation document of limited government and individual freedom in America.  Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera

First, let’s review.   The four Organic Laws of the United States of America represent four different constitutions above the level of the States.  The Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776 mentions an unwritten Constitution:  “He has combined with others to subject us to a Jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution, and unacknowledged by our Laws; […]

George and Martha Washington had the kind of marriage Frank Sinatra would sing about many years later: Love and marriage, love and marriage,  Go together like a horse and carriage.  This I tell ya, brother, you can’t have one without the other.  While Sinatra crooned, the kind of common law marriage George and Martha Washington […]

The Constitution of the United States George Washington orally swore to “preserve, protect and defend” on April 30, 1789, in this Article II Section 1 Clause 8 oath: “I, George Washington, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, […]

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