In old movies and usually under the English common law the hero was never the aggressor.  The good guy would never throw the first punch or take the first shot. In old movies and usually under the English common law parents were required to raise their boys to be gentlemen.  Christians turned the other cheek. […]

A complaint, not a presentment or indictment brought by a federal grand jury, alleges upon information and belief the commission of two criminal acts by this defendant.  The complaint alleges that these acts took place “on or about the date(s) of April 15. 2013 in the county of Suffolk in the District of Massachusetts.” Readers […]

You may know the District Attorney, or the DA, as the county’s elected chief criminal prosecuting attorney.  If you do, you only know how the story of the District Attorney ends and not how it begins. The first office of District Attorney was created by Section 35 of the Judiciary Act of 1789, which according […]

Black’s Law Dictionary 4th Ed. defines an Information like this: “An accusation exhibited against a person for some criminal offense, without an indictment.  4 Bl. Comm.308.  An accusation in the nature of an indictment, from which it differs only in being presented by a competent public officer on his oath of office, instead of a […]

The United States district court judge presiding in this case declared a mistrial on the three remaining counts of perjury after jurors said they could not reach an agreement on a verdict. If you were Major League Baseball’s home run king and you were accused of lying to a federal grand jury in 2003, and […]

Today’s Los Angeles Times reports, “Los Angeles County prosecutors” are planning to file charges against actress Lindsay Lohan for the alleged theft of a $2,500 necklace. The filing of charges will be a complaint upon information and belief and not upon a presentment or indictment required by the California Constitution of 1849, which required that […]

On January1, 1945, the United States of America was still at war.  The Sixth Amendment, set out below, requires a date certain and one marking the beginning of a new year at war is particularly appropriate for a nation’s military courts: “In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and […]

The judicial districts and divisions are comprised of the federal territory located within the counties, which comprise those districts and divisions.   Sections 81-131 represent four classes of territory: 48 States, 2 territories, one possession, Puerto Rico, and a District, the District of Columbia.  The three smallest  territorial classes conclusively establish that the territorial composition of […]

September 24, 1789. 1 Stat. 73. CHAP. XX.–An Act to establish the Judicial Courts of the United States. SEC . 2. And be it further enacted, That the United States shall be, and they hereby are divided into thirteen districts, to be limited and called as follows, to wit: one to consist of that part […]

Eighteen months ago Rod Begojevich was arrested on political corruption charges and today his trial started by beginning the process that will pick a trial jury.   On December 20, 2008 my Post was: BEGOJEVICH CAN BEAT ALL CRIMINAL CHARGES.  For a year and a half, I have explained without contradiction how all federal law […]

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