Every American President since George Washington has held two offices: President of the United States and President of the United States of America.  The combination of those two Offices duplicated the power and authority of the English monarchs from which Americans declared their independence in the first Organic Law, the Declaration of Independence of July […]

Alexander Hamilton begins the series of 85 deceptive essays by the suggestion that ratification of “this Constitution,” the Constitution of September 17, 1787, will replace the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777.  “After an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution […]

The basis of democracy is the notion of a representative government elected by a simple majority vote.  The age of majority in the Northwest Territory begins at age twenty-one and transitions to age eighteen in the Constitution of the United States. The Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787 set forth a temporary government for that […]

Arthur Miller is famous for writing the play, “Death of a Salesman” and marrying Marilyn Monroe.  He was, however, no legal scholar.  The English common law was brought to America along with the English language and has remained the law except in Louisiana and the territory owned by and subject to the exclusive legislative power […]

Article I Section 1 of the Constitution of September 17, 1787 creates a new Congress:  “All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.”   The “legislative Powers” which can be granted by the first nine States to ratify the […]

The law that determined whether Mary Warren would remain a child or become a woman at age eighteen was the English common law and that law made her a child not a woman at age eighteen. The Constitution of September 17, 1787 made it possible for a “person” to become at age eighteen a citizen […]

John Proctor: Go to bed, Mary.  Mary Warren: I’ll not be ordered to bed anymore, Mr. Proctor. I am 18 now and a woman… however single.  John Proctor: If you wish to sit up, then sit up.  Mary Warren: I wish to go to bed.  John Proctor: Good night, then.  Mary Warren: Good night. Dr. […]

The Twenty-Sixth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age. Section 2. The Congress shall have the […]

The 9-9-9 Plan is supposed to simplify the present Title 26 tax code by replacing it with a 9% corporate income tax, a 9% personal income tax and a 9% national sales tax.  Herman Cain’s tax reform plan is far from a simplification.  Both the 9% corporate tax and the 9th national sales tax are […]

The Declaration of Independence frees the American people from government by declaring them bound to “Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God,” and subject only to the government  with their consent.  The Articles of Confederation requires the several States of that Union, which have sovereignty, freedom and independence, to recognize the people’s freedom from government.  […]

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