It is no secret—the Constitutional Convention, which began meeting in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787, produced the Constitution of September 17, 1787 in secret, so it would appear to be a replacement for the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777.
The true meaning of the Preamble is the secret of the Constitutional Convention. Everyone reads himself or herself into that Preamble, however, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention are the “We the People of the United States.”
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention were charged by a resolution of the United States in Congress assembled with the duty of revising the Articles of Confederation and “this Constitution” did so.
When nine States ratified “this Constitution,” an Article IX Committee of the States, now named the Senate, would have the power to appoint “other committees and civil officers as may be necessary” to manage “the general affairs of the united states under their direction.” The ratification of “this Constitution” by New Hampshire established “this Constitution” as the Constitution of the United States consisting of all the territory and other property belonging to the Confederacy, the United States of America.
“This Constitution” is, as the Preamble states, “for the United States of America” and the Constitution of the United States, which George Washington will swear to “preserve, protect and defend,” is the territory and all other property belonging to the United States of America. The secret of the Preamble is that oral oath of Office is supported only by proprietary power and the military power of the Confederacy under the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777.
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
Filed Under Article II Section 1 Clause 5, Article II Section 1 Clause 8, Articles of Confederation, CONSTITUTION, Electoral College, Oath of Office, ORGANIC LAWS, Presidential Elector, PRESIDENTS | Leave a Comment
Every serious student of the Constitution of September 17, 1787 should have a copy of volume one of the United States Code, Prepared and published under the authority of Title 2, U.S. Code, Section 285b, by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives. There are about fifty titles in the entire United States Code, however, you will only need volume one, which you will buy from the U.S. Government Printing Office Bookstore. The first volume of the United States Code puts the Constitution of the United States in its proper context and order—the Constitution of the United States is the last of the four Organic Laws of the United States of America. The Constitution is preceded by the Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776, the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777 and the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787.
Your constitutional law library is completed by the addition of “The United States Government Manual,” published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archive and Records Administration. Copies are available from the Government Printing Office.
The United States Government Manual confirms the United States Government has not changed from the time George Washington was elected President of the United States of America, but took the oral oath to the Office of President of the United States. The page in the Manual which identifies the current occupant of the Office of President of the United States cites Article II Section 1 Clause 1 as the source of authority for that Office, when that clause is authority for a different Office.
The Student needn’t be concerned that this library will become out of date. The Organic Laws of the United States of America have not changed since New Hampshire became the ninth State to ratify “this Constitution,” thereby, establishing “this Constitution” among those nine ratifying States.
I have re-instituted the $50 Basic Course Offer I originally made in my July 7, 2011 Post. Go there for full instructions and contact me at email@example.com
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
Black’s Law Dictionary 4th Ed. defines positive law as, “Law actually and specifically enacted or adopted by proper authority for the government of an organized jural society.”
Title 28 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure of the United States Code has been enacted into positive law, which simply means Title 28 accurately reflects the Statute Law from whence it comes. What makes Title 28, the Code version of the statute law accurate?
This sentence hidden in Chapter 5 of Title 28 makes that title an accurate reflection of statute law: “Sections 81 – 131 of this chapter show the territorial composition of districts and divisions by counties as of January 1, 1945.”
Title 26 Internal Revenue is being prepared to be enacted into positive law. Students who have successfully completed the Basic Course in Law and Government may sign up for my Advanced Tax class and learn what Congress has planned for Title 26.
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
On June 21, 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth State to ratify “this Constitution,” the Constitution of September 17, 1787, which was the one presented to the United States in Congress assembled, the Confederation Congress, for submission to the thirteen States for ratification. Article VII of “this Constitution” provided: “The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.”
Ratification of “this Constitution” by nine State would also be sufficient to activate the provisions of Article IX and X of the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777. These provisions would permit the new Congress consisting of the Senate (the Committee of States under the Articles of Confederation) and House of Representatives to continue the lawmaking and taxation initiated in the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787.
The settlers and inhabitants of the Northwest Territory, the future States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota were promised Statehood in the original Confederacy, when those States attained a minimum population and met other criteria set out in the Northwest Ordinance. The Northwest Ordinance, the promises made to the settlers and inhabitants there and ratification of “this Constitution” created a new Union of United States, which would be federated rather than Confederate States, as in the first Union.
George Washington, elected to the Office of President of the United States of America on April 6, 1789, turned settlement of the rest of America into a commercial endeavor by taking the oral employment oath of the Office of President of the United States. As executive head of the Confederacy, the United States of America, and as President of the United States, Washington could administer all territories and possessions of the United States of America using the Confederacy’s military and proprietary power.
By combining the two Offices, President of the United States of America and President of the United States, Washington was able to make it appear that laws enacted by a Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America for application to the federated United States were applicable to all the States of the Confederacy, the United States of America.
Washington was able to avoid possible charges of treason by completely avoiding the Article VI subscribed oath of the Constitution of September 17, 1787 and any appearance of occupying an Office under the authority of the Constitution of September 17, 1787,by refusing any compensation under Article II Section 1 Clause 7.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act like all federal laws is by its terms limited to citizens and permanent residents of the United States within the United States, the second Union, and is, therefore, entirely compliant with the Constitution of the United States. The Office of Chief Justice and Offices of Associate Justices were created by federal legislation enacted prior to the Judiciary Act of 1789 which created the Supreme Court of the United States around those Offices. The legislatively created United States Supreme Court will not buck its creator on a major piece of legislation.
George Washington’s parliamentary maneuvers far exceed anything he did on the field of battle. My Basic Course in Law and Government contain those exploits which have been discovered so far. The Basic Course will teach where in the Constitution Washington planted loopholes that to this day allows “government” to get away with grand theft. The $50 offer I made in my July 7,2011 Post has now been extended indefinitely, to become a Student, contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
Mel of Texas, one of my Students has fallen behind and he wants to catch up. This Post is for Mel and every one else who thinks law and government may be too complicated to understand.
First, “this Constitution” was never intended to be more than a piece of paper. To be more than a piece of paper, some one of importance had to swear or affirm “to support this Constitution.” To be certain no one would ever sign his or her name to such an oath or affirmation, George Washington, who was then President of the United States of America, swore that he would “preserve, protect and defend” another Constitution, the Constitution of the United States, as President of the United States. Well, after Washington swore, but never signed to “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States,” no one wanted anything to do with “this Constitution.” “This Constitution” would never make anyone rich, but the Constitution of the United States began to make money almost immediately. For everyone in federal, state or local government, believing the United States was everything paid off from the beginning.
The United States were what the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota would be called after the United States in Congress assembled enacted the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787.
The Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787 has remained the third Organic Law of the United States of America, because without it the American people would believe the laws and taxation enacted by Congress extended beyond the territory and possessions of the United States of America.
If you are one of those unfortunate Americans who thought the Organic Laws of the United States of America, were just part of a diet plan, you need to contact me for more information about my legal education, my “Basic Course in Law and Government.” E-mail me at email@example.com
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
George Washington didn’t want to be just another one of the “presidents before Washington” so, he became President of the May 25, 1787 secret Constitutional Convention, where he got the delegates to write the Constitution so that he could become President of the United States simply by taking this oral oath: “I, George Washington, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.” “So help me God.”
Washington next got the delegates to make the “presidents before Washington” another Office called the Office of President of the United States of America. The President of the United States of America would not take an oath to become President of the United States of America, because none of the “presidents, before Washington” had to take an oath not even an oral one. The President of the United States of America would take his Office when the votes of the States were counted before the members of Congress.
How Washington got the delegates to require the first person to enter the Office of President to be “fourteen Years a Resident within the United States,” is unknown, because the Constitution was written in secret. We do know that Office could not be filled until after July 4, 1790. We now know that Office has never been filled and no one has ever taken and subscribed an Article VI oath “to support this Constitution.”
George Washington became the President in the President of the United States of America on April 6, 1789, when the Electoral Votes were counted before Congress.
On April 30, 1789 George Washington took the oral oath printed above to become President of the United States. A century and a half later Adolf Hitler would take power the same George Washington did—by combining the office head of State with the office of head of the government. Hitler’s dictatorship ended April 30, 1945. The one George Washington started April 30, 1789 goes on.
NOTE: Everything in this Post can be fact checked by searching each asserted statement of fact on the Internet. For example, “presidents before Washington” will give you the names of all the Presidents under the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777.
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
I got this e-mail from a Student. My response appears below his e-mail:
“These questions may be too simple. However, what meaning does the term BAR have in relation to an attorney or a lawyer? What does it mean when someone says they have their BAR card? There seems to be much confusion out there, and I have yet, to find the truth for this term. I was told years ago
that it stood for British Attorney Registry. Are US Attorneys registered with the Queen?”
I was a member of the California State Bar from June 2, 1972 until August 6, 2006, when I was disbarred from appearing before the State of California Supreme Court. I had never appeared before that court in the three decades I was licensed to be an Attorney and Counselor at Law #52737. I became a dues paying member of the State Bar of California by becoming a member of the bar of that Supreme Court, so to be disbarred I had to be thrown out of that court in order to be disbarred. If all this sounds like a bunch of lawyer’s tricks, you are catching on to the legal business in America.
Law in America is a fantasy. What institution determines what the law is in America? The United States Supreme Court is supposed to be the court of last resort, the court that is the last say in what the law is, however, the only constitutional duty of the Chief Justice is to preside at the impeachment of the President of the United States. Impeachment is defined in the Constitution as a non-judicial process in Article I Section 3 Clause 7: “Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to law.” Article I impeachment is a legislative process, where the party is charged by the House of Representatives and tried by the Senate.
The United States Supreme Court is a legislative court, which was created on September 24, 1789 in the Judiciary Act of 1789. The Offices of Chief Justice and Associate Justices were created a day before the Supreme Court making it truly a court of men and not laws.
When I got started in the legal business, there were no Bar Cards. Back in our offices we had Bar Admission Certificates framed for display. Much later we had paper Bar Cards and then plastic. I never registered with the Brits and I don’t think the Queen would want anything to do with American law or its lawyers.
The British have dealt with a bar in their own way. Alfred Lord Tennyson wrote:
CROSSING THE BAR
Sunset and evening star,
And one clear call for me!
And may there be no moaning of the bar,
When I put out to sea.
But such a tide as moving seems asleep,
Too full for sound and foam,
When that which drew from out the boundless deep
Turns again home!
Twilight and evening bell,
And after that the dark!
And may there be no sadness of farewell,
When I embark;
For though from out our bourn of Time and Place
The flood may bear me far,
I hope to see my Pilot face to face
When I have crost the bar.
I crossed the Bar when I started telling the truth about law and government in California. Telling the truth about law and government got me disbarred. Learning the truth about the law and government can get you free. It costs nothing to get the Organic Laws of the United States of America and information about becoming my Student. Contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
The Constitution of the United States is thought, by those, who have not mastered that devious document, to have established a new government which replaced the former government, the United States of America, which operated under the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777. Constitutional law is taught in this nation’s law schools based on this replacement theory that the Constitution of the United States replaced the Articles of Confederation. The same replacement theory is taught in all the public and private schools even though there is no documentary evidence to support it.
The proof the Articles of Confederation still support the original government, the Confederacy called the United States of America, is found in the first Clause of the first Section of the first Article of the Constitution. The letter of the law, which tells us both the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777 and the Constitution of the United States continue to be viable Organic Laws of the United States of America, is the letter “a.”
Article I Section 1 Clause 1: “All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.” The letter “a” before “Congress” and “Senate” tells us there is more than one Congress and more than one Senate.
Where will we find the basic components of manmade government? The Organic Laws of the United States of America provide the foundation for the government and the legal basis for the written law. The four Organic Laws are found at the very beginning of the United States Code, the official printing of the written law. The third Organic Law, the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787, announced the formation of a temporary government and property law system for the States which comprise the federal district then known as the Northwest Territory.
A quick search of the Articles of Confederation turns up the “United States in Congress assembled,” the Congress under the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777. It will take a little more digging in the Articles of Confederation to find the “Senate” in Article IX and X disguised as the Committee of States.
What have we discovered? We have found the old Congress, the United States in Congress assembled, now called the Senate and a House of Representatives in the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787. Combining these two bodies gives us the Congress of the United States in the first sentence of the Constitution of the United States. The Congress of the United States of America still has no power over the American people and the Congress of the United States is limited to making laws that tax the people on the land in the Northwest Territory still owned by the United States of America.
What have we learned? The shortest word in the English language can change the meaning of an entire document. The letter “a” keeps the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777 alive by recognizing the existence of the “United States in Congress assembled” under the Articles of Confederation. To learn more about all the Organic Laws of the United States of America, enroll as a Student in my “Basic Course in Law and Government.” Contact me at email@example.com for more information.
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
My May 28, 2009 Post sets out the oral coronation oath she took on June 2, 1953. On November 4, 1952, she subscribed the name, Elizabeth R, to this declaration prescribed by an act of Parliament: “I, ELIZABETH do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God profess, testify, and declare that I am a faithful Protestant, and that I will, according to the true intent of the enactments which secure the Protestant succession to the Throne, uphold and maintain the said enactments to the best of my powers according to law.”
Elizabeth II has been Great Britain’s sovereign for 60 years, which means she is represents the sovereignty of Great Britain.
Black’s Law Dictionary 4th Ed. defines “Sovereignty” as follows: “The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which any independent state is governed; supreme political authority; paramount control of the constitution and frame of government and its administration; the self-sufficient source of political power, from which all specific political powers are derived; the international independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign dictation; also a political society, or state, which is sovereign and independent. (Citations omitted)
The power to do everything in a state without accountability—to make laws, to execute and to apply them, to impose and collect taxes and levy contributions to make war or peace, to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story, Const. § 207.”
George Washington had to trick Americans to accept his model of a President based on a British monarch, in order to create a European style government in America. All of George Washington’s constitutional tricks are revealed in the “Basic Course in Law and Government.”
Barack Hussein Obama’s drive to make the United States of America a socialist European-styled nation can only be stopped by exposing Washington’s success in preventing the “Adoption of this Constitution.” Contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org to learn Washington’s tricks.
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera
Black’s Law Dictionary 4th Ed. defines “sovereign” as follows: “A person, body or state in which independent and supreme authority is vested; a chief ruler with supreme power; a king or other ruler with limited power.
King George III was king from 1760 to 1820. Parliament limits the power of the English monarch as can be seen in the movie and DVD “The Madness of King George.”
King George III is “the present King of Great Britain,” “whose Injuries and Usurpations” are recounted in the Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776.
King George III, in Article I of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 acknowledges that the thirteen States are, individually, “free, sovereign and independent.” Article II of the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777 states that each of the thirteen States retains “its sovereignty, freedom and independence.”
What sovereignty did King George III have to convey by treaty? Become a Student and learn how the Organic Laws and other early documents free the American people from government. Contact me at email@example.com
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera