I live in Torrance, California, which is in North America.  When the State of California was a State of the Estados Unidos Mexicanos it was a republic called Alta California, but the state it represented was still in North America. When Alta California ceased being a Mexican State, the government part of California, the State […]

An executive mansion was appropriate for the first executive of a long line of Presidents of the United States of America who had no official executive power.  Article II Section 1 of the Constitution of September 17, 1787 had revised the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777, to provide for a President with executive […]

Federal government records show that debts incurred during the American Revolutionary War amounted to $75,463,476.52 by January 1, 1791. Yes, that’s $75.5 million for a war of eight years duration. According to the Resolution of April 23, 1784, by the United States in Congress assembled, the free inhabitants of the Northwest Territory “shall be subject […]

 A new bill progressing through Congress would authorize the federal government to stop people alleged to owe taxes from leaving the country.  State of California Senator Barbara Boxer introduced the “Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act”, which includes a section that allows the State Department to “deny, revoke or limit” passport rights […]

Benjamin Franklin, the old gentleman on the $100 Federal Reserve Note, is an American icon, who was initiated into Freemasonry in 1731.  By 1734, Franklin had printed the first Freemasonic book in America, an edition of  Anderson’s “Book of  Constitutions.”  The Freemasons, Franklin, Washington and Hamilton together with other minor Freemasons in the Constitutional Convention […]

My local newspaper, the Daily Breeze and I’m not making the name up, reports that it was President elect George Washington who set out for New York City.  The reporting isn’t the Breeze’s the report of   Washington’s trek is from the Associated Press “THIS DAY IN HISTORY” feature.  Such is the state of the press […]

The United States in Congress assembled would finally ratify the Treaty of Paris of September 3, 1783 on January 14, 1784.  The federal government’s power to tax the settlers and other inhabitants of the Northwest Territory would be established as of April 15, 1783.   For most Americans, April 15 is tax day, but few […]

The United States Secret Service was originally created to combat counterfeiting of  United States paper currency, but why the name Secret Service?   I could not find a satisfactory answer to the question why is the Secret Service so named? If you believe as I and my Students that there should be no secrets in law […]

Both prior Presidents George Washington and John Adams were elected President of the United States of America before each of them took the oral oath for the Office of President of the United States. There are three important Presidents in the Constitution of September 17, 1787: the President of the United States of America, the […]

The 32nd President of the United States of America was succeeded by Harry S Truman as the thirty-third President of the United States of America, who was a 33rd degree Freemason. Under Truman’s administration the power of the federal government was consolidated.  In his last year in office, Truman extended the reach of the Internal […]

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