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Prying out the secret truths hidden in the Constitution of September 17, 1787 has not been easy, but as more were discovered the closer we got to total and complete freedom. Being a Citizen of the United States which does not subject the Citizen to the jurisdiction of the United States is a step in the direction of total and complete freedom. This is the kind of freedom enjoyed by Citizens of the several States under the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777.
Members of Congress must both be Citizens of the United States; Representatives must be Citizens for seven years and Senators for nine years. The minimum age of twenty-five years for a Representative means that a Representative can be a Citizen of the United States at age eighteen. Such citizenship could only be obtained on the territory owned by or subject to the exclusive legislative power of the United States of America. Senators selected by the State legislatures, after the Constitution of September 17, 1787 was ratified by nine States, had to be twenty-one years of age to attain State citizenship, which would form the basis of Citizenship of the United States, which would not subject the Citizen to the jurisdiction of the United States.
I wrote the letter to a United States Senator which appears below to establish the existence of two legislative classes of Citizens of the United States. Those two classes are described in the letter. The qualifying Citizenship of the United States for the Office of Senator is based on having nine years of State citizenship. Citizenship which can be acquired at age eighteen is the nationality which may be renounced according to Title 8 United States Code Section 1481.
I have tried to place the Senator in the position of not being able to deny citizenship qualification according to Article I, Section 3, Clause 3. If a Senator does refuse to acknowledge meeting citizenship qualifications according to the requirements of the Constitution, documents establishing these same Citizenship qualifications can be obtained from the State’s primary election officer, the Secretary of State.
The qualifications for the Office of Senator, which you had to meet to be elected, are set out in Article I, Section 3, Clause 3 of the Constitution. The first Senators, who met in secret as part of the first Congress of March 4, 1789, had to meet those same qualifications. Since the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment, that amendment has defined a citizen of the United States differently. The purpose of the Fourteenth Amendment was to overcome the opinion of the Supreme Court in the “Dred Scott” case, which held that Africans brought to America as slaves could not be citizens of the United States and neither could their free descendants be citizens of the United States.
Do you agree with me that it was impossible for the first Senators to be citizens of the United States, who were “persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof,” because, among other reasons, the United States couldn’t have any jurisdiction over citizens until the Constitution of September 17, 1787 was ratified, established and adopted by the oaths of all its Officers?
The balance of this letter has been provided to my Students in the Advanced Classes. The instruction concerning multiple citizenships has already been provided to the Students in the “Basic Course in Law and Government,” which is required prior to taking any of the Advanced Courses. For information on enrollment, contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera